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Corinthia. Corinth c 350-306 BC
Silver stater
In classical times Corinth rivaled Athens and Thebes in wealth due to the Isthmian traffic and trade. It was once believed that Corinth housed a great temple on its ancient Acropolis dedicated to the goddess Aphrodite. Corinth was also the host of the Isthmian Games. In the 7th century BC Corinth was ruled by the tyrants Cypselus (657-627 BC) and his son Periander (627-585 BC), The city sent colonists to found new settlements in Epidamnus (modern Durres), Syracuse, Ambracia (modern Lefkas), Corcyra (modern Corfu) and Anactorium. Periander also founded Apollonia in Illyria (modern Fier, Albania) and Potidaea (in Chalcidice). Corinth was also one of the nine Greek sponsor-cities to found the colony of Naukratis in Ancient Egypt to accommodate the increasing trade volume between the Greek world and the pharaohnic Egypt, during the reign of Pharaoh Psammetichus I of the 26th dynasty. Periander was considered one of the Seven Wise Men of Greece. During his reign the first Corinthian coins were struck. He was the first to attempt to cut across the Isthmus to create a seaway to allow ship traffic between the Corinthian and the Saronic Gulf which was abandoned due to the extreme technical difficulties. Instead he created the Diolkos (a stone-build overland ramp) to connect the two gulfs. Obverse flying Pegasus koppa below. Reverse Athena in a Corinthian helmet head of Helios behind and Δ under neck truncation.
Mint: Corinth
Provenance: Private acquisition *

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