Home Ancient Greek The Successors of Seleukos GC001077
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Antiochus IX Philopator, 114-95 BC
Tetradrachm
The Seleucid Empire lasted from was the eastern remnant of the former Macedonian Empire of Alexander the Great. The Seleucid Empire was a Hellenistic empire centered in the Near East in the region of the Asian part of the earlier Achaemenid Persian Empire. At the height of its power it stretched from Asia Minor to Pakistan. It was a major centre of Hellenistic culture which maintained the preeminence of Greek customs and where a Greek-speaking Macedonian elite dominated, mostly in the urban areas. Much of the empire was conquered by the Parthians under Mithridates I in the mid-2nd century BC, yet the Seleucid kings continued to rule from Syria until the invasion by Armenian king Tigranes the Great and their ultimate overthrow by the Roman general Pompey. Fillet-bordered obverse features diademed head of Antiochus IX with a thin, curly beard. The ends of the diadem fall straight behind his head. The laurel-wreath-bordered reverse shows Athena holding Nike while resting her left hand on her shield while her spear is behind her. Inscription M over ΕΣ is in the outer left field. ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ ΑΝΤΙΟΧΟΥ ΦΙΛΟΠΑΤΟΡΟΣ.
Mint: Damascus
Provenance: Courtesy Gemini Numismatic Auctions, LLC

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