Home Ancient Greek Carthaginians in Sicily and North Africa GC001106
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Zeugitana; 260 BC
Gold Trihemistater
The city of Carthage is located on the eastern side of Lake Tunis across from the centre of Tunis. According to Roman legend it was founded in 814 BC by Phoenician colonists from Tyre. It became a large and rich city and thus a major power in the Mediterranean. The city’s rivalry with Syracuse and Rome was accompanied by several wars with respective invasions of each other's homeland. Hannibal's invasion of Italy in the Second Punic War culminated in the Carthaginian victory at Cannae and led to a serious threat to the continuation of Roman rule over Italy; however, Carthage emerged from the conflict at its historical weakest after Hannibal's defeat at the Battle of Zama in 202 BC. After the Third Punic War, the city was destroyed by the Romans in 146 BC. However, the Romans refounded Carthage, which became one of the three most important cities of the Empire and the capital of the short-lived Vandal kingdom. It remained one of the most important Roman cities until the Muslim conquest when it was destroyed a second time in 698 AD. Obverse Tanit wearing a wreath of wheat-sprays and a leaf, a triple earring, and a necklace with eight pendants visible. The side is surrounded by a thin border of dots. Reverse a standin ghorse right with his head turned back, all surrounded by a thin border of dots.
Mint: Carthage (modern-day Tunis)
Provenance: Courtesy Gemini Numismatic Auctions, LLC

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