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Kings of Macedon Philip II 359-336 BC c 323-319 BC
Gold Stater Struck under Philip III
After the death of Alexander the Great, Philip III Arrhidaeus, his half-brother, was the nominal head of state together with Alexander IV, the conqueror's infant son by Roxane. Kolophon is the city to which this coin is tentatively attributed and the tripod symbol links it to the issues in the name of Philip III. The issue is likely to have been made prior to 319 BC when the region came under the control of Antigonos. Located about 15 miles (24 km) northwest of Ephesus Kolophon flourished commercially from the 8th to the 5th century BC. Its harbour was at Notium. The city's name comes from the word κολοφών, 'summit'. Colophon was ruled by a timocracy (government based on wealth) and was famous for its After the death of Alexander the Great, Philip III Arrhidaeus, his half-brother, was the nominal head of state together with Alexander IV, the conqueror's infant son by Roxane. Kolophon is the city to which this coin is tentatively attributed and the tripod symbol links it to the issues in the name of Philip III. The issue is likely to have been made prior to 319 BC when the region came under the control of Antigonos. Located about 15 miles (24 km) northwest of Ephesus Kolophon flourished commercially from the 8th to the 5th century BC. Its harbour was at Notium. The city's name comes from the word κολοφών, 'summit'. Colophon was ruled by a timocracy (government based on wealth) and was famous for its cavalry, its luxury, and its production of rosin (colophonium). It was later brought into the Delian League. Claros ( Κλάρος) was a prophecy center of Kolophon.The Temple of Apollo (pictured here) was a very important center of prophecy. According to the Greek historian Pausanias Alexander the Great was told in his dream that he would set up a large new city at the base of Mt. Pagos. The Apollo oracle at Claros was advised Alexander to set up the new Smyrna. Obverse laureate Apollo with the features of Alexander the Great. Reverse charioteer driving a biga, tripod ΦΙΛΛΙΠΟΥ.
Mint: Kolophon
Provenance: Courtesy Harl;an J. Berk, LTD

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