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Arkadia, Mantineia c 460-450 BC.
Hemidrachm, Arkadian League
Mantineia was an ancient Greek Arkadian city lacated in the plain between Mt. Maínalon and Mt. Artemísion. Homer mentioned Mantineian soldiers in the Iliad. Until the early 5th century BC, it comprised of a cluster of five villages. At the recommendation of Argos the villages were merged into one city. During the 464 BC revolt of the Messenian helots it sided with Sparta. In 420 BC it formed an alliance with Argos, Athens, Elis, and several other Arkadian allies of Argos. in 418 BC this alliance fought against The Spartans, the Tegeans, the Skiritan and about 200 helots in what became the largest land battle of the Peloponnesian War. The Spartan side prevailed. The second Battle of Mantinea occurred on July 4, 362 BC when Sparta, Athens, Elis and the Mantinean League were defeated by the Boetian league under the command of the Theban Epaminondas. While the Theban side prevailed Epaminondas died as a result of injuries after the battle. Without Epaminondas’ leadership the Macedonian conquest of Greece ensued. Obverse Zeus Lykaios seated on a throne, holding long scepter in his left hand and with eagle flying left above his right Reverse Kallisto wearing a taenia, a simple necklace with a pendant and with her hair bound in a queue at the back; all within incuse square. ARKA
Mint: Mantinea
Provenance: Private acquisition. From the BCD collection, ex Nomos I May 6, 2009 L 84, ex Gorny & Mosch 129, 8 March 2004, 127.

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