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Punic Coinage of Carthage c 210-205 BC
Silver billon tridrachm Lorber-Class 4 Plate coin
By 212 BC Hannibal’s successes in Italy were not the decisive campaigns he had before. The tide was slowly turning against him, and in favor of Rome. By 209 BC he lost Tarentum and when the Romans repossessed Samnium and Lucania, Hannibal’s hold on south Italy was almost lost. On hearing, however, of his brother Hasdrubal s defeat and death during the Battle of the Metaurus in 207 BC Hannibal retreated to Bruttium for several years. When his other brother Mago Barca failed in Liguria (205–203 BC) and Hannibal’s inability to negotiate with Philip V of Macedon all hope of recovering Italy was lost. In 203 BC, after nearly fifteen years of fighting in Italy, and with the military fortunes of Carthage rapidly declining, Hannibal was recalled to Carthage to direct the defense of his native country against a Roman invasion under Scipio Africanus. In 203 BC, Hannibal sailed back to Africa restoring the war party. Since his treasury was barren Hannibal issued these billon tridrachms to stretch his silver. Hannibal met Scipio in 202 BC for a fruitless peace conference and the generals confronted each other at the Battle of Zama October 19, 202 BC. Hannibal lost and the Carthaginians capitulated on rather humiliating terms ending the 17-year war between them. This coin was likely struck after the battle of Cannae and before the production of the El Djem coinage that was issued to pay for the defense of Carthage. Obverse traditional Tanit head wearing triple pendant earring and her hair wreathed with grain. Reverse a standing stallion with a palm tree in the background.
Mint: Carthage
Provenance: Private acquisition. Lorber, A Hoard of Punic \"Horse and Palm\", Billion Tridrachm. Lorber-Class 4 Pl 65.221 (This coin)

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