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Macedon, Alexander III The Great, 336-323 BC, c 316-311 BC
Tetradrachm Susa
The first Susa inhabitants are traced to a Neolithic village to c 7000 BC. Susa's earliest settlement is known as Susa I period (c. 4200–3900 BC). Susa I period ceramics are distinctive, and evidence of copper metallurgy is shown during this period. Susa came within the Uruk cultural sphere during the Susa II period (c. 4000 to 3100 BC Chalcolithic to Early Bronze Age). Susa III (3100–2700 BC) is also known as the 'Proto-Elamite' period. Around 1500 BC, the Middle Elamite period began with the rise of the Anshanite dynasties. In 647 BC, Neo-Assyrian king Ashurbanipal leveled the city. After Cyrus the Great conquered Elam Susa underwent a major political and ethnocultural transition with its entry into the Achaemenid empire between 540 and 539 BC. After Alexander the Great’s conquest of Susa in 331 BC the city lost most of its importance. The Susa weddings were arranged by Alexander in 324 BC in Susa. Not only did Alexander marry Stateira II and Hephaestion Stateira’s sister Drypteis but mass weddings took place between the Persians and the Macedonians. Obverse Herakles wearing a lion-skin headdress. Reverse seated Zeus holding an eagle on his outstretched arm, a wreath in left field, E above strut of throne, monogram under throne.
Mint: Susa
Provenance: Private acquisition ex Harlan J Berk 204th Buy or bid lot #57

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