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Alexander III the Great c 310-301 BC
Drachm struck under Antigonos I Monophthalmos.
Lampsakos (Λάμψακος) was an ancient Greek located on the eastern side of the Hellespont. Originally known as Pityussa (Πιτυούσσα), it was colonized from Phokaea and Miletos. In the 6th century BC Lampsakos was attacked by the Athenian tyrants operating in the Thracian Chersonese. During the 6th and 5th centuries BC, Lampsakos was successively dominated by Lydia, Persia, Athens, and Sparta. The Greek tyrants Hippoclus and later his son Acantides ruled under Darius I. Artaxerxes I assigned it to Themistocles with the expectation that the city supply the Persian king with its famous wine. Lampsakos joined the Delian League providing the league an enormous tribute of twelve talents. A revolt against the Athenians in 411 BC was put down by force. Lampsakos continued to be pro-Persian during the times of Alexander the Great, a fact that angered him to the point he threatened to do them massive harm. A tutor of Alexander was the historian Anaximenes of Lampsakos. In order to save their women, children and homeland they asked his help. Alexander realized why he approached him and swore to the gods that he would do the opposite of what Anaximenes would ask. Realizing this Anaximenes said, 'Please do this for me, your majesty: enslave the women and children of Lampsakos, burn their temples, and raze the city to the ground.' Alexander had no way round this clever trick, and since he was bound by oath, he reluctantly pardoned the people of Lampsakos. Obverse Herakles right wearing lion's skin Reverse seated Zeus Aëtophoros left, forepart of Pegasos in the left field monogram below throne AΛEΞANΔPOY.
Mint: Lampsakos (modern Lapseki)
Provenance: Private acquisition

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