Home Ancient Roman The Severan Dynasty 193 - 235 RC00330
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Elagabalus, 218-222 AD.
Samaria AE 23
Neapolis had been a polytheistic center in Samarian since the 10th century BC. Samarians are Jews but the fact they tolerated other faiths caused endless friction with Jews from other areas. On the summits (there are two) of Mt. Gerizim we find dedications to Biblical references but also the temples of Zeus-Hypsistos, Artemis, Asklepios, Elagabal, Marsyas, Nemesis, Nike, Serapis, Triptolemus, Tyche plus monuments of obscure cults. On this sacred Samaritan mountain the Church of Mary Theotokos was built in the late fifth during the reign of Emperor Zeno. The church was built in an octagon typical of the commemorative (martyria) churches of the time. Obverse Laureate, draped, cuirassed Elagabalus, AVT K M AVP - ANTWNINOC. Reverse: Mount Gerizim with twin peaks surmounted by temple and altar, colonnade below and steps leading to one temple ΦΛ NEAC - ΠOΛ CVP ΠAΛ N
Mint: Neapolis (Biblical Shechem, modern Nablus)
Provenance: Private acquisition ex Dr. Stephen Gerson Collection, Gemini VI, Lot 726

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